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Referred to by Claudius Ptolemy as a zone on a map, climes persisted for hundreds of years in European cartography. First described by Aristotle, the Earth was thought to have five climes: the Arctic and Antarctic, or North and South frigid zones; the North and South temperate zones; and one very hot zone between the two tropical zones. Only the temperate zones were thought to be habitable.

Ptolemaic Projection of a world map set against a blue sky, surrounded by clouds and 12 Windheads